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Geraniol is a natural antioxidant.

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Geraniol has been suggested to help prevent cancer.

Kamatou GP, Viljoen AM, Gono-Bwalya AB,van Zyl RL, van Vuuren SF, Lourens AC, Başer KH, Demirci B, LindseyKL, van Staden J and Steenkamp P: The in vitro pharmacologicalactivities and a chemical investigation of three South African species. J Ethnopharmacol. 102:382–390. 2005. : :

Geraniol inhibits DNA synthesis.

Tsukahara H, Shibata R, Ohshima Y,Todoroki Y, Sato S, Ohta N, Hiraoka M, Yoshida A, Nishima S andMayumi M: Oxidative stress and altered antioxidant defenses inchildren with acute exacerbation of atopic dermatitis. Life Sci.72:2509–2516. 2003. : :

Geraniol is mainly used in perfumery and flavouring.

Other animal studies have also demonstrated the anticancer effects of geraniol.

The prevalence of allergic diseases, such asallergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, asthma and food allergies hasincreased in the majority of countries (). Immunologically active mast cells andbasophils express the high-affinity receptor for immunoglobulin E(IgE) on their surface and play critical roles in variousbiological processes associated with allergic diseases (). The interaction of multivalentantigens with surface-bound IgE triggers the secretion of themediators stored in cytoplasmic granules and causes a synthesis of cytokines (), that in turn activate the migrationof neutrophils and macrophages, causing tissue inflammation().

Inflammation is an initial host immune reactionmediated by inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) (). Macrophages play animportant role in the host defense against noxious substances(). Macrophage activation bylipopolysaccharide (LPS), a major component of Gram-negativebacteria outer membranes, leads to the increased production ofpro-inflammatory cytokines, thereby mediating the major cytotoxicand pro-apoptotic mechanisms that participate in the innateresponse in many mammals ().However, the cytokine overproduction by activated macrophages hasbeen implicated in the pathophysiology of several inflammatorydiseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, atherosclerosis, chronichepatitis, pulmonary fibrosis and inflammatory brain diseases(). Therefore, LPS-stimulatedmacrophages serve as a useful model for studying inflammation andthe potential mechanisms of action of anti-inflammatorycompounds.

Lemonol, beta-Geraniol, trans-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-ol

Zhi‐Cai ‐C Wang, , Bi Gao, Shi‐Yan ‐Y Fan

Heidi Alderman, Senior Vice President of BASF's North American Petrochemicals Business said, "This structure change was done to simplify the joint venture operations into one legal entity that reflected the current ownership of the facility. BASF and TPRI remain strongly committed to the Port Arthur facility and will invest significant capital in the site over the next few years."

BASF Corporation has entered into an agreement with Total Petrochemicals & Refining USA, Inc. for the merger of two joint ventures and to change the name of the merged venture to for the companies' Port Arthur, Texas, joint operations.

/ Wang, Zhi‐Cai ‐C; Gao, Bi; Fan, Shi‐Yan ‐Y.
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  • JO - Chinese Journal of Chemistry


  • T2 - Chinese Journal of Chemistry

    Carnesecchi S.

  • JF - Chinese Journal of Chemistry

    Citral - Wikipedia

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- 4. dolichol types, the terminal is saturated.

Chao LK, Hua KF, Hsu HY, Cheng SS, Liu JYand Chang ST: Study on the antiinflammatory activity of essentialoil from leaves of . J Agric FoodChem. 53:7274–7278. 2005. : :

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Lourens AC, Reddy D, Başer KH, Viljoen AMand Van Vuuren SF: In vitro biological activity and essential oilcomposition of four indigenous South African species. J Ethnopharmacol. 95:253–258. 2004. : :

Chemical composition of lemongrassessential oil (EO).

Kumar A, Malik F, Bhushan S, Sethi VK,Shahi AK, Kaur J, Taneja SC, Qazi GN and Singh J: An essential oiland its major constituent isointermedeol induce apoptosis byincreased expression of mitochondrial cytochrome c and apical deathreceptors in human leukaemia HL-60 cells. Chem Biol Interact.171:332–347. 2008. :

Chemical composition of lemongrassessential oil (EO).

Dutra RC, Leite MN and Barbosa NR:Quantification of phenolic constituents and antioxidant activity of vogel seeds. Int J Mol Sci. 9:606–614.2008. : :

Department of Industrial Chemistry, Meiji University

Lo Cantore P, Shanmugaiah V and IacobellisNS: Antibacterial activity of essential oil components and theirpotential use in seed disinfection. J Agric Food Chem.57:9454–9461. 2009.

Department of Industrial Chemistry, Meiji University

Medeiros R, Otuki MF, Avellar MC andCalixto JB: Mechanisms underlying the inhibitory actions of thepentacyclic triterpene alpha-amyrin in the mouse skin inflammationinduced by phorbol ester12--tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate. Eur J Pharmacol.559:227–235. 2007. : :

Department of Industrial Chemistry, Meiji University

Ksouri R, Falleh H, Megdiche W, TrabelsiN, Mhamdi B, Chaieb K, Bakrouf A, Magné C and Abdelly C:Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the edible medicinalhalophyte L. and related polyphenolicconstituents. Food Chem Toxicol. 47:2083–2091. 2009. : :

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